LES NEANDERTHALIENS RELIQUES,
DES PYRENEES AU PAKISTAN
juin 1993, par Michel Raynal
interest in Wild Men research has increased with the publication of the first results of field investigations in N. Pakistan by zoologist Jordi Magraner. He collected 27 highly accurate and reliable reports on the bar-manu ( the Wild Man of the Chitral district ), by using a very rigorous protocol. The article draws attention on the striking resemblance between the bar-manu present sightings and the Pyrenean and Hispanic lore on the Wild Man reviewed in previous Bipedia articles. The case for Neanderthal survival is discussed from anatomy, ethology and linguistics.
VERITÉ EN-DEÇA DES PYRÉNÉES...
(à propos des néanderthaliens reliques hispano-pyrénéens)
septembre 1992, par Michel Raynal
The article reviews new evidence for the late survival of Neanderthal Men in the Pyrénées and in Spain : the Iraty hairy Wild Man of 1774 is demonstrated not to be a feral boy ; the "identikit picture" of the serrana ( or wild woman ) described in the Libro de Buon Amor is remarkably consistent with that of the almasty from Caucasus and with the best reconstructions of Neanderthal Men ; a stone structure from El Juyo, about 12 000 years old, has been identified by some as a Neanderthal head, though unconvincingly. That Neanderthal Man survived in Spain less than 35 000 years ago ( official date of its extinction ) is proved by the discovery of a Neanderthal jaw only 28 000 years old, at Boqueta de Zafarraya.
UNE FIGURATION DE L’HOMME SAUVAGE DANS LES PYRENEES ?
mars 1990, par Michel Raynal
In 1760, an article was published about a so-called "satyr" shown in Barcelona ( Spain ) : It was a human-like hairy creature with some strange features, such as "ears like a tiger’s" or "whiskers like a cat’s". An illustration is available, but it was made from the article, not by a first-hand witness ; from an analysis of the text, having in mind the data summarized in RAYNALs previous article for BIPEDIA ( RAYNAL 1989 ), this creature seems to be a relict Neanderthal from the Pyrénées.
L’ HOMME SAUVAGE DANS LES PYRENEES
ET LA SURVIVANCE DES NEANDERTHALIENS
septembre 1989, par Michel Raynal
Thought to be extinct since 35 000 years, Neanderthal Man was cold-adapted, as it can be conjectured from the proportions of its limbs, the shape of its nose, the protection of its brain by a prominent torus supra-orbitalis, etc. It is very likely that it was also hairy, as hairyness is the most common cold-adaptation. In the Pyrénées and in the Iberic Peninsula, traditions, folklore, artistic representations, and even recent enough sightings about Wild Men have been recorded. They are quite similar, if not identical, with modern accounts of Hairy Wild Men in the Caucasus, Mongolia, Tibet, etc, who have been supposed to be relic Neanderthal Men by several authors, mainly Porshnev and Heuvelmans. Ormières and Gomez-Tabanera have proposed a late survival of Neanderthal Men in the Pyrénées, an hypothesis which has gained new support recently after the discovery in Spain of a Neanderthal lower jaw in a level of late Würm III.
Le 06 Juin 1972, devant la Commission Archéologique de Narbonne, une communication inattendue sur "l’abominable Homme-des-Neiges dans les Pyrénées", fut lue par un professeur de français de cette ville, Paul Ormières ( Ormières 1972 ). Ayant eu connaissance de la chose en 1981, je pris aussitôt contact avec Mme veuve Ormières qui mit aimablement à ma disposition la bibliothèque de feu son mari, en particulier son étude restée inédite sur "les Néanderthaliens dans les Pyrénées", écrite deux ans plus tard ( Ormières 1974 ).
EMOTIONAL THOUGHT AND THE ORIGIN OF MAN
septembre 1988, par Michel Raynal
The theory of which François de SARRE comments at greater length in the present issue of BIPEDIA is quite revolutionary, as it is the most logical one, yet it is in contradiction with the commonly accepted ideas about human evolution !