LES BREVES :
samedi 28 novembre
Ardipithecus : le singe descend de l’homme !
vendredi 27 novembre
Le singe descend de l’homme
VENDREDI 20 JUIN 2003
L’ HOMME SAUVAGE DANS LES PYRENEES
ET LA SURVIVANCE DES NEANDERTHALIENS
Thought to be extinct since 35 000 years, Neanderthal Man was cold-adapted, as it can be conjectured from the proportions of its limbs, the shape of its nose, the protection of its brain by a prominent torus supra-orbitalis, etc. It is very likely that it was also hairy, as hairyness is the most common cold-adaptation. In the Pyrénées and in the Iberic Peninsula, traditions, folklore, artistic representations, and even recent enough sightings about Wild Men have been recorded. They are quite similar, if not identical, with modern accounts of Hairy Wild Men in the Caucasus, Mongolia, Tibet, etc, who have been supposed to be relic Neanderthal Men by several authors, mainly Porshnev and Heuvelmans. Ormières and Gomez-Tabanera have proposed a late survival of Neanderthal Men in the Pyrénées, an hypothesis which has gained new support recently after the discovery in Spain of a Neanderthal lower jaw in a level of late Würm III.
Le 06 Juin 1972, devant la Commission Archéologique de Narbonne, une communication inattendue sur "l’abominable Homme-des-Neiges dans les Pyrénées", fut lue par un professeur de français de cette ville, Paul Ormières ( Ormières 1972 ). Ayant eu connaissance de la chose en 1981, je pris aussitôt contact avec Mme veuve Ormières qui mit aimablement à ma disposition la bibliothèque de feu son mari, en particulier son étude restée inédite sur "les Néanderthaliens dans les Pyrénées", écrite deux ans plus tard ( Ormières 1974 ).
VENDREDI 20 JUIN 2003
WHAT DID THE FIRST VERTEBRATE LOOK LIKE THAT ENTERED LAND ?
THE STANDPOINT OF INITIAL BIPEDALISM THEORY
François de Sarre
The purpose of the present paper is to outline briefly the problem of which kind of vertebrate once left the water.
Traces of land-breathing vertebrates are recorded from the Devonian period, and it is commonly supposed that the ancient amphibians derived from some fish-like aquatic ancestors, living in pre-Devonian times.
So far nothing has really been said about the role of mind in the evolution which led from a water creature into the first land-dwelling vertebrate.
The author of this paper advances the thesis that it was then a bipedal and big-headed pre-hominid ( Homonculus ), characterized by a sense of curiosity, and definite mental dispositions.
The first land-dwelling Vertebrates, indeed, had nothing to do with the Crossopterygians, commonly regarded as having conquered the land, but which in fact had no mental or physical capabilities to leave water and to progress on land.
One of the most relevant problems concerning the vertebrate phylogeny is presented here together with a working hypothesis for its solution.